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Lesson 10: I am busy in Cantonese

Hello everyone, 大家好!

Here’s our Cantonese podcast Lesson ten at CantonesePod.com.

Did you try our “how to say” in Cantonese series? Let review two of the series:

nei5 hou3 leng3
= you are (so) pretty.
you very pretty (lit.)


nei5 hou2 leng3 zai2 = you are so handsome
you very handsome boy (lit.)

This is our sentence pattern for today:
pronoun/noun + adjective
We call this a sentence with an adjectival predicate. Very useful and we use it a lot in Chinese including Mandarin.
e.g.

(唔得闲)。 = I am very busy (very ‘not free’)
I(am) very busy. (lit.)
得闲 = free; not busy.
唔得闲 = busy.

唔得闲。 = He/she is very busy.
He/she(is) very busy.(lit.)

朋友 心。 = My boyfriend is very careless/thoughtless.
my male friend very rough heart (lit.)
粗心 = careless/thoughtless having a rough/careless heart/mind)

我嘅 朋友 细心。 = My girlfriend is very careful/considerate/attentive (She’s a careful person).
my female friend very tiny heart. (lit.)
细心 = careful; attentive.

佢嘅 前夫 有钱。 = Her ex-husband is very rich.
Her former husband very have money (lit.)
有钱 = having money; rich.

味。 = The dishes you cooked are very delicious.
you cook dish(es) very good taste.(lit.)
= delicious; same as 好吃 in Mandarin.

OK. Wish you a great weekend.
愉快!
week end happy (lit.)

Lesson 9: you are who or what?

Lesson 9: What do you do? ( I’m a doctor. You are …) How to say that in Cantonese?

Hi, 大家好!Welcome to another Cantonese mp3 lesson at CantonesePod.com.
We’ll come back to basics this time.
Simple sentence pattern:
pronoun + (hai6 = to be) + noun
The pronoun can be I, we, you, they, she, he, but the verb to be(hai6) does not change form.
e.g.
我系医生。(I’m a doctor.)
我哋系医生。(we are doctors.)
佢哋系政客。(They are politicians.)
佢系政客。(He/She is a politician.)

你系一位教授。(You are a professor.)
你哋系教授。 (You are professors.)
律师、护士、工程师、学生、市长、经理、程序员、会计、翻译、见习医生、厨师

For some explanation and pronunciation in Jyupting or Yale, click HERE.
Post your position or careers here and we’ll let you know how to say it. (register first)
For more lessons and other “How-to” in Cantonese, visit http://CantonesePod.com

Lesson 8: “I’m going to …” in Cantonese

Hi, 大家好!
Today, we are going to learn how to say what you plan to do (are going to do).
今日句型 gam1yat3 geoi3jing3
Today’s sentence pattern:
I’m going to + verbs ( In English it really means “I plan to do something.” or “I will do something.”)
so the Cantonese for that is:

我打算+verb or
a future time phrase + 我(会)+ verb
ngo5 = I/me/my
打算 daa2syun3 = plan to
wui2 = will/able to do something).
Please note that “Chinese verbs do not conjugate like the verbs of most Indo-European languages such as English or Spanish. In English, for example, the verb ‘to eat’ has many forms compared to its Chinese equivalent: ‘to eat’ (infinitive), ‘eat, eats’ (present), ‘ate’, (simple past), ‘eaten’ (past participle), ‘eating’ (present participle), etc. Chinese only has one basic form, used for every person and tense”( wikipedia )
e.g.
1) ngo5 daa2syun3 soeng5mong5 wan2 jat1 bou6 hou2ge3 daa2jan3gei1
我打算上网搵一部好嘅打印机。
I am going/plan to find/look for a good printer online.
打印机() daa2jan3gei1 = printer
多功能打印機 do1gung1nang4 daa2jan3gei1
多功能 do1gung1nang4 = multi function (similar to 3 or 4 in one or “all in one”)
一部 jat1 bou6 = one set/unit
2)gam1maan5 ngo5 wui2 soeng5cyun4 nei5di1 dak1ji3 soeng2 dou3 ngo5 ge3 mong5zaam6.
今晚我会上传你啲得意相到我嘅网站。 I am going to upload your cute photos to my web site.
今晚gam1maan5 = tonight
上传soeng5cyun4 = upload
你啲 nei5di1 = your
得意 dak1ji3 = cute / interesting
soeng2 = photos
dou3 = to
我嘅 ngo5 ge3 = my
网站 mong5zaam6 = web site

3)ting1jat3 ngo5 wui2 gaau3 ngo5 po4po4 dim2joeng6 faat3 din6jau4
听日我会教我婆婆点样发电邮。
Tomorrow I am going to teach my grandma (on my mother’s side) how to send email.
听日 ting1jat3 = tomorrow ; gaau3 = teach/taught
点样 dim2joeng6 = how
faat3=send 电邮 din6jau4 = email
琴晚 kam4jat3 = last night
kam4jat3(琴晚) ngo5 gaau3 ngo5 po4po4 dim2joeng6 faat3 din6jau4
Last night, I taught my grandma how to send email.
(Specials thanks to Leslie Frank )
You may learn more by spending more time at XueZhongwen.net

Lesson 7: I don’t have time.

Hi, 大家好!我系保罗!(I’m Paul) Welcome to CantonesePod.com!
粤语播客欢迎您!
Today’s sentence pattern:
I have …
我有
I don’t have …
我冇
mou2 : (Cantonese Chinese character) do not have/have none/there is none.
我有好多钱!但系,我冇时间。
I have a lot of money, but, I don’t have time.

我有好多嘢做,不过我有好少时间。
I have a lot of things to do, but I have quite little time.

佢有一个好靓嘅太太,而且太太好识煮餸。
He has a very pretty wife and his wife knows cooking very well.(is a good cook)

So much for today. (今日)系咁先。
Have a nice weekend. 周末愉快!

Lesson6: How to say this in Cantonese?

Lesson 6 How do you say this in Cantonese?

Hi, 大家好!
Welcome to CantonesePod.com! 欢迎大家来到粤语播客!
What! What did I say?
欢迎
glad meet ( glad to meet you = welcome)
大家
big family (= everyone)
来到
come to
粤语
Guangdong language (=Cantonese)
= broadcast
=guest
播客 = podcast ( derives from 博客 for blog and similar sound of podcast )

OK. Today’s sentence pattern:

How do (you/we) say/write … in Cantonese/English/French/Japanese?
粤语/英语/法语/日语点讲/写?

= how
= say/speak
= write

e.g.
A:粤语 “I love you” 点讲? How do you say “I love you?” )
B:我爱你

A:英文 点写啊? ( How do you write the word “ugly/shame” in English?)
B: U-g-l-y
A: 英文 LOVE 点串啊? ( How do you spell “love” in English?)
B: L-O-V-E
= spell ( literately means string something together )
= question indicator (put at the end of a sentence to change a statement into a question. )
OK, see you next week at CantonesePod.com

Lesson 5:I want to go to Beijing in Cantonese

Hi, everyone, 大家好。
In our last lesson, we learned how to say where you are from.
In Today’s lesson, we are going to learn to say the places you want to go.
Now sentence patterns:
1)I want to go to (Beijing…)
我想去(北京)
2)He needs to go to (Hong Kong…)
佢要去(香港)
3)My wife has been to San Francisco and Los Angeles
我太太去过(三藩市同埋罗省)

Cities and places:
Guangzhou(Canton),Shanghai, Suzhou, Hangzhou, Taipei, Taiwan, Las Vegas, New York, Saigon, Sydney,
广州,上海,苏州,杭州,台北,台湾,拉斯维加斯,纽约,西贡,悉尼(雪梨)

Try to use what you have learned:
I want to go to Hong Kong.
I’ve been to Guangzhou.

Let me know what other places you want to say.

Lesson 4: Where are you from?

Lesson 4 Where Are You From?


English: Where are you from?
Cantonese: nei5 hai2 bin1dou6 lai4
边度
nei5: you
hai2 (Cant.) to be located at; here means from
bin1dou6: where
lai4: come

English: I’m from the US.
Cantonese: ngo5 hai2 mei5gwok3 lai4
我喺美国来。

English: I’m American Chinese.
Cantonese:ngo5 hai6 mei5zik6 waa4jan4
我系美籍华人。

English: Born in Hong Kong, grew up in the US.
Cantonese: hai2 hoeng1gong2 ceot1sai3 hai2 mei5gwok3 zoeng2daai6
喺香港出世,喺美国长大。

hoeng1gong2 香港:Hong Kong
mei5gwok3 美国: beautiful country = America
Please note that in the recording, “lazy” sound “gok” is used instead of “gwok” as in our daily life. We did this on purpose as you should also understand it when you hear it from a native Cantonese speaker.

English: I’m American
Cantonese:ngo5 hai6 mei5gwok3 jan4
我系美国人。

Extra in the 2nd mp3 file:
1Please tell me where you are from.
请问你喺边度来。
2I am from the US.
我喺美国来。
3I’m from Canada.我喺加拿大来。
4) I’m from Japan.我喺日本来。
5) I’m from Korea.我喺韩国来。
6) I’m from South Korea.我喺南韩来。
7)I’m from UK (England).我喺英国。
8) I’m from Sweden. 我喺瑞典来。
9)I’m from the Netherlands.我系荷兰人。
10) I’m from Hong Kong.我系香港人。
11) I’m from Macau我系澳门人。
12) I’m from Vietnam。我系越南人 (Note: 1st one jyut6laam4jan4 uses “lazy” sound. 2nd one jyut6naam4jan4 is “correct” or official. We let you hear it because young people are using lazy sound everywhere.)
13)I’m Cantonese.我系广东人。
14)I’m from Brazil.我系巴西人。

Not: in the mp3:
Holland is a very beautiful country.
Formal Cantonese:荷兰是一个非常美丽的国家。

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